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  • Sunday, 23 September 2018
    odfsig: an Open Document Format (ODF) digital signatures tool

    I created a toy project to experiment with a few technologies I wanted to try out (cmake, googletest, xmlsec outside LibreOffice, libzip and AppVeyor). The result is a tool with a similar interface as pdfsig from poppler (for PDF files), just for ODF: a cmdline executable to verify the digital signature(s) in an ODF document.

    The source code now has CI on Linux and Windows, so perhaps in a shape that is interesting for others to have a look as well. And if not, then no problem, it was interesting to put together these building blocks and see them working as expected. :-)


  • Saturday, 22 September 2018
    mutt/vim offline address book with multiple sources

    I used to have a hackish setup to trigger address book in the form of code completion from vim, when mutt starts it. I recently migrated the last part of it from python2, so it’s now in a relatively consistent state. On a boring flight trip I finally got around to summarize how it works, perhaps it’s useful to someone else as well. :-)

    By multiple sources, I mean Google Contacts for my private account, and LDAP for work-related accounts. I have one script for each to have a local backup:

    Then comes mutt/contacts/search, which can read these backups from $HOME/.mutt/contacts/ (you can create symlinks to decide which backup should be included in the search results).

    The rest is just a short search.vim that integrates the search script into vim, so when mutt starts it with ft=mail, the search script is invoked when you start typing and you press Ctrl-X Ctrl-O (trigger code completion).

    And that’s it, I can start typing mails to friends and customers even without network connectivity, without manually maintaining an own address book just for mutt!


  • Friday, 07 September 2018
    Custom user profiles with unoconv

    https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1859/43598513125_55bed46184_o.png

    Background: I was benchmarking Online vs jodconverter vs unoconv the other day for Collabora’s document conversion page. One problem with measuring unoconv performance was that it provided no ways to run multiple unoconv processes in parallel, while the underlying soffice binary obviously allows this.

    So while unoconv is not capable of launching the soffice process in a chroot (improves security), nor is capable of forking an already pre-initialized soffice process (improves performance, both are things Online can do for you), there is no real reason why you should not be able to run multiple unoconv processes in parallel. The previously mentioned benchmarking would be quite unfair if even this kind of multiprocessing would be ignored, but unoconv had no way to specify a custom user profile, which has to be different for each soffice process.

    So I filed a GitHub pull request on 1st Jun, and finally it was merged on 10th Aug.

    Here is how you can use it for example:

    unoconv --user-profile /tmp/tmpf_yreswi -f pdf --port 2002 test.txt
    Note
    It’s your responsibility to give --port a unique value, but that’s not too hard: if you use a thread pool to launch the unoconv processes, then you can add the thread index to a base port and that will give you a unique port.

    So this is available in unoconv master (towards unoconv 0.8.2+1), you can grab the sources from git and try it out right now. :-)


  • Wednesday, 08 August 2018
    API improvements in LibreOffice

    https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1793/43859007612_ca207fed0f_o.png

    I worked on two small features to extend the public (UNO) API of LibreOffice. First, thanks to Vector for funding Collabora to make this possible.

    Aliased paths and text in the PNG export for Draw

    The UNO API of Draw allows you to build quite complex and custom shapes, but you may want to export the rendered result to a bitmap for testing purposes, so you can assert that the actual result matches a reference one.

    One problem in this area is anti-aliasing, which can easily differ between machines. Given that normally aliased rendering is ugly, there is now a way to enable AA, but disable it just during a single invocation of the PNG exporter.

    The above picture shows how the AA result looks like. You could write a Basic macro like this to trigger the PNG export from Draw:

    xExporter = createUnoService("com.sun.star.drawing.GraphicExportFilter")
    xExporter.SetSourceDocument(ThisComponent.DrawPages(0))
    Dim aArgs(1) As new com.sun.star.beans.PropertyValue
    aArgs(0).Name  = "URL"
    aArgs(0).Value = "file:///tmp/debug/aa.png"
    aArgs(1).Name  = "MediaType"
    aArgs(1).Value = "image/png"
    xExporter.filter(aArgs())

    Let’s see how it looks like if you turn AA off:

    https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1832/43859007522_aeb4516f02_o.png

    You just need to specify a new Antialiasing key under FilterData:

    Dim aFilterData(0) As new com.sun.star.beans.PropertyValue
    aFilterData(0).Name = "AntiAliasing"
    aFilterData(0).Value = False
    xExporter = createUnoService("com.sun.star.drawing.GraphicExportFilter")
    xExporter.SetSourceDocument(ThisComponent.DrawPages(0))
    Dim aArgs(2) As new com.sun.star.beans.PropertyValue
    aArgs(0).Name  = "URL"
    aArgs(0).Value = "file:///tmp/debug/non-aa.png"
    aArgs(1).Name  = "FilterData"
    aArgs(1).Value = aFilterData()
    aArgs(2).Name  = "MediaType"
    aArgs(2).Value = "image/png"
    xExporter.filter(aArgs())

    You can imagine which rendering result is easier to debug when the reference and the actual bitmap doesn’t match. ;-)

    Note
    This feature is available for other bitmap formats as well, PNG is only an example.

    Default character style in Writer

    In most cases you don’t really need a default character style: if you’re fine with a default, then the default paragraph style should be enough for your needs. In general, paragraph styles can contain character properties, so if the default is fine for you, you just don’t set a character style.

    However, there is an exception to all rules. If you want to reset the current character style, it makes sense to just set the CharStyleName property to a default value, especially since this works with paragraph styles already.

    Now you can write C++ code like this (see SwUnoWriter::testDefaultCharStyle() for a full example):

    xCursorProps->setPropertyValue("CharStyleName", uno::makeAny(OUString("Standard")));

    And it’ll be handled as Default Style in English builds, or their localized versions in a non-English UI.

    All this is available in master (towards LibreOffice 6.2), or you can grab a daily build and try it out right now. :-)


  • Thursday, 05 July 2018
    Improved ECDSA handling in LibreOffice

    I wrote about ECDSA handling in LibreOffice last year, back then the target was to be able to verify signatures using the ECDSA algorithm on Linux.

    Lots of things happened since then, this post is meant to summarize those improvements. My personal motivation is that Hungarian eID cards come with a gov-trusted ECDSA (x509) cert, so handling those in LibreOffice would be nice. My goals were:

    • platforms: handling Windows as well, not only Linux/macOS

    • operations: handling signing as well, not only verification

    • formats: cover all of ODF, OOXML and PDF

    Let’s see what has happened:

    • Linux, ODF, sign: we had hardcoded RSA algorithm when generating a signature, now we infer the sign algorithm from the signing cert algorithm (commit)

    • Linux, OOXML, sign: same problem with hardcoded RSA (commit)

    • Windows, PDF, sign: the certificate chooser had to be ported to from CryptoAPI to CNG (commit)

    • Windows, ODF, verify / sign: this was the largest problem, this required a whole new libxmlsec backend (interface, implementation, all in C90) and also required conditionally using that new backend in LibreOffice (commit)

    • Windows, OOXML, sign: this was almost functional, except that the UI recently regressed, now fixed (commit)

    • Finally now that everything is ported on Windows to use CNG, I could enable it by default yesterday.

    I could test hardware-based signing after this, which was fine out of the box on both platforms. Some screenshots:

    • Linux:

    https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1784/29321634078_8818b2d7ba_o.png
    • Windows:

    https://farm1.staticflickr.com/927/42288765505_db72ee48f2_o.png

    (There is no reason why this would not work on macOS, but I did not test that.)

    Thanks Gabor Kelemen who helped me to get a sane card reader that has reasonable driver support on Linux.

    All this is available in master (towards LibreOffice 6.2), or you can grab a daily build and try it out right now. :-)


  • Tuesday, 05 June 2018
    Editing ReqIF-XHTML fragments in LibreOffice Writer

    I worked on a small feature to use Writer as an editor for the XHTML fragments inside Requirements Interchange Format (ReqIF) files. First, thanks to Vector for funding Collabora to make this possible.

    Writer already supported XHTML import and export before (see my previous post) as a special mode of the HTML filter, this work builds on top of that. The main speciality around XHTML as used for fragments inside a ReqIF file is embedded objects.

    The special mode to opt-in for ReqIF-XHTML behavior can actived like this:

    • during import: --infilter="HTML (StarWriter):xhtmlns=reqif-xhtml"

    • during export: -convert-to "xhtml:HTML (StarWriter):xhtmlns=reqif-xhtml"

    Three different cases are handled:

    1. Image with native data we don’t understand and just preserve.

    2. Image with OLE2 data, which we hand out to external applications (at least on Windows). On the above video this is an embedded PPSX file, handled by PowerPoint.

    3. Image with ODF data, which we handle internally. This is a Draw document on the above video.

    Regarding how it works, the import is a series of unwrapping containers till you get to the real data and the export is the opposite of this. Here are the layers:

    • Larger ReqIF files have the .reqifz extension, and are ZIP files containing an XML file, having the XHTML fragments. This is not relevant for this post, as Writer assumes that extracting the XHTML fragment from ReqIF is done before you load the content into Writer.

    • XHTML always has a PNG image for the object, and optionally it has RTF as native data for the object.

    • The RTF file is a fragment, containing just an embedded OLE1 container.

    • The OLE1 container is just a wrapper around the real OLE2 container.

    • The OLE2 container either has the data directly or MSO has a convention on how to include OOXML files in it (see the PPSX example above), and we handle that.

    On export we do the opposite: save the file, put it into OLE2, then into OLE1, then into RTF, finally into XHTML.

    There is no specification on how to put ODF files into OLE2, so I extracted the relevant code from LibreOffice’s binary MSO filters and now the Writer HTML filter uses that as well. This avoids code duplication and also could avoid inventing some new markup this way.

    All this is available in master (towards LibreOffice 6.2), or you can grab a daily build and try it out right now. :-)


  • Friday, 04 May 2018
    Lazy reading images from Microsoft formats in LibreOffice

    I worked on improving document load performance of Microsoft formats in general, and DOC/DOCX in particular in LibreOffice recently. First, thanks to TDF and users that support the foundation by providing donations for funding Collabora to make this possible.

    I built on top of the great work of Tomaz, focusing on these secondary, but important formats.

    The idea is that if you load an Microsoft binary or OOXML file, it should not be necessary to parse all images at load time, it’s enough to lazy read it when we first render e.g. a Writer page containing that image.

    The focus here was documents containing large images. I tested with an Earth photo of size 8000x8000 pixels from NASA, making little modifications to it, so each picture has a different checksum, embedding them into a binary DOC file.

    https://farm1.staticflickr.com/980/41838412652_c1cbefcfc1_o.png

    I measured the time from the soffice process startup to rendering the first page. We defer the work of loading most images now, as you can see on the chart. In contrast, we used to decompress all images on file import in the past. This means the new cost for e.g. 4 images is 37% of the original.

    All this is available in master (towards LibreOffice 6.1), or you can grab a daily build and try it out right now. :-)


  • Tuesday, 10 April 2018
    LibreOffice Hamburg Hackfest 2018

    (via Sweet5hark)

    I arrived home from Hamburg yesterday where I participated in the LibreOffice hackfest over the weekend as a mentor. First, thanks to The Document Foundation — and all the donors for funding Collabora to make this possible.

    There were a few topics I mentored:

    • Patrick was interested fixing tdf#116486, which required some background knowledge on the Writer document model and layout, so we explored the relevant details together towards providing an actual patch for the bug.

    • Nithin wanted to fix tdf#112384, which turned out to be an ideal task for a hackfest. On one hand, the scope is limited so that you can implement this mini-feature over a weekened. On the other hand, it required touching various parts of Writer (UI, document model, UNO API, ODF filter), so it allowed seeing the process of adding a new feature. The patch is merged to master.

    • Linus looked for a task that is relatively easy, still useful, we looked at tdf#42949, and he identified and removed a number of unused includes himself. This should especially help with slow incremental builds. Again, the patch is already in master.

    • Zdeněk (raal) wanted to write a uitest for tdf#106280 so we were figuring out together how to select images from pyuno and how to avoid using graphic URLs in uitests in general.

    The full list of achievements is on the wiki, if you were at the hackfest and you did not contribute to that section, please write a line about what did you hack on. :-)

    Finally, thanks for the organizers and the sponsors of the hackfest, it was a really great event!


  • Friday, 02 March 2018
    Optimizing ODT ↔ XHTML conversion performance for simple documents

    I worked on improving the ODT ↔ XHTML conversion performance for simple documents in LibreOffice recently. First, thanks to Vector for funding Collabora to make this possible.

    ODT → XHTML conversion

    https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4605/26697712598_2ace3f45a3_o.png

    The focus here was really simple documents, like just one sentence with minimal formatting. The use-case is to have thousands of these simple documents, only a minority containing complex formatting, the rest is just that simple.

    Performance work usually focuses on one specific complex feature, e.g. lots of bookmarks, lots of document-level user-defined metadata, and so on — this way there were room for improvements when it comes to trivial documents.

    I managed to reduce the cost of the conversion to the fifth of the original cost in both directions — the chart above shows the impact of my work for the ODT → XHTML direction. The steps that helped:

    • Recognize XHTML as a value for the FilterOptions key in the HTML (StarWriter) export filter, this way avoid the need to go via XSLT, which would be expensive.

    • Add a new NoFileSync flag to the frame::XStorable::storeToURL() API, so that if you know you’ll read the result after the conversion finished, you can avoid an expensive fsync() call for each and every file, which helps HDDs a lot, while means no overhead for SSDs.

    • If you know your input format already, then specifying an explicit FilterName key for the frame::XComponentLoader::loadComponentFromURL() API helps not spending time to detect the file format you already know.

    Note that the XHTML mode for the Writer HTML export is still a work in progress, but it already produces valid output for such simple documents.

    XHTML → ODT conversion

    https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4608/39674632615_de78265c7f_o.png

    The chart above shows the results of my work for the XHTML → ODT direction. The steps to get to the final reduced cost were:

    • The new NoFileSync flag, as mentioned previously.

    • A new NoThumbnail flag, which is useful if the ODT will be part of a next step in the pipeline and you know that the thumbnail image won’t be used anyway.

    • The default table autoformat definitions in Writer are now lazy-loaded. (This is my favorite one, you don’t have to opt-in for this, so everyone benefits.)

    • A new HiddenForConversion flag for frame::XComponentLoader::loadComponentFromURL(), which means we don’t lay out the UI elements (toolbars, sidebar, status bar, etc.) when we know the purpose of the document load is only to save the document model in an other format.

    All this is available in master (towards LibreOffice 6.1), or you can grab a daily build and try it out right now. :-)


  • Sunday, 04 February 2018
    EPUB export in LibreOffice Writer FOSDEM talk

    Yesterday I gave an EPUB export in LibreOffice Writer FOSDEM talk at FOSDEM 2018, in the Open document editors developer room. The room was well-crowded — perhaps because the next talk was about LibreOffice/Collabora Online. ;-)

    Quite some other slides will be available on Planet I expect, don’t miss them.


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